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How to Improve Developer Productivity: The SPACE Framework

How to Measure Developer Productivity: A Guide Using the SPACE Framework

It's 2024 and engineering leaders must do more with less, so measuring developer productivity is crucial. With so many tools, frameworks, and methodologies available, it can be challenging to choose the right one. That's why today, I'll be discussing the SPACE framework, a comprehensive approach that provides a structured way to assess developer productivity holistically.

What is Developer Productivity?

Developer productivity is often misunderstood as merely the amount of code written or the number of tasks completed. However, true productivity encompasses much more. It involves the efficiency and effectiveness with which developers can convert ideas and requirements into functional and reliable software. This includes:

  • Quality of Code: Ensuring the code is clean, well-documented, and maintainable.

  • Efficiency: The speed at which tasks are completed without compromising quality.

  • Collaboration: The ability to work well with other team members.

  • Satisfaction: The well-being and job satisfaction of developers, which can influence their performance.

Why is Developer Productivity Important?

Measuring and improving developer productivity is essential for several reasons:

  1. Business Outcomes: Higher productivity can lead to faster delivery of features, quicker response to market changes, and improved customer satisfaction.

  2. Cost Efficiency: More productive developers can achieve more in less time, leading to cost savings.

  3. Team Morale: When productivity is high, teams are often more motivated and have higher job satisfaction.

  4. Quality Improvement: Productive teams tend to produce higher quality software with fewer bugs and issues.

How to Measure Developer Productivity Using the SPACE Framework

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The SPACE framework offers a comprehensive approach to measuring developer productivity. It encompasses five key dimensions:

1. Satisfaction and Well-being

  • What to Measure: Developer satisfaction, job fulfillment, and overall well-being.

  • How to Measure: Surveys, one-on-one interviews, and regular check-ins.

  • Why it Matters: Happy developers are more productive and engaged. Ensuring their well-being can reduce burnout and turnover.

2. Performance

  • What to Measure: The outcome of the work Did the code reliably do what it was supposed to do - was it high quality & make customer impact?

  • How to Measure: Team OKRs that impact business revenue, quality, NPS, and other customer value metrics.

  • Why it Matters: Building all the software in the world that customers don't care about doesn't make a difference. Make sure your team is building the RIGHT things for your customers.

3. Activity

  • What to Measure: The activities and efforts developers put into their work, such as coding time, code reviews, and frequency of deployments.

  • How to Measure: An engineering metrics system (see Metrics page for more)

  • Why it Matters: Understanding activity helps in identifying bottlenecks and areas where developers might need support or improvement.

4. Communication and Collaboration

  • What to Measure: The quality and frequency of communication and collaboration among team members.

  • How to Measure: Communication tools usage (e.g., Slack messages, emails), meeting effectiveness, and cross-team collaboration.

  • Why it Matters: Strong communication and collaboration are essential for a cohesive and productive team environment. This can be one of the biggest blockers in improving productivity.

5. Efficiency and Flow

  • What to Measure: The efficiency of development processes and the ability of developers to work without interruptions.

  • How to Measure: Metrics such as cycle time, lead time, interruptions, hand-offs and flow efficiency.

  • Why it Matters: Even if you've hired the best software developers, if your system makes them jump through hoops, get approvals for everything, and hold up their work in a long PR process - you won't be efficient or productive.

How to Improve Developer Productivity

Once you have measured productivity using the SPACE framework, the next step is to identify areas for improvement. Here are some strategies:

1. Enhance Developer Satisfaction

  • Listen and change: Talk to your developers and run a regular survey with a few questions each month to ensure you're listening carefully. They will tell you the biggest bottlenecks. Make sure to fix what the majority of devs are struggling with, then they will trust that management listens and improves.

2. Goals & Focus

  • Set Clear Goals: Ensure developers understand their objectives and how their work aligns with the company's goals. Set OKRs or company goals that they align to and have an impact on.

  • Communicate the focus, reduce the projects: Make sure developers have a limited number of projects to focus on so they know what they should run towards. Having 400 projects for a 90 person dev team doesn't work.

3. Support Efficient Activity

  • Remove Obstacles: Identify and eliminate bottlenecks in the development process start looking at the PR cycle time as a start.

  • Automate Repetitive Tasks: Use automation tools to handle repetitive and mundane tasks, allowing developers to focus on more critical work.

4. Foster Better Communication and Collaboration

  • Stop Useless Meetings: Have your teams meet less often but in more efficient and collaborative ways. If they are building a solution together, facilitate a workshop rather than a Zoom meeting.

  • Encourage Open Communication: Promote a culture where team members feel comfortable sharing ideas and feedback. Show them transparency and vulnerability starting with your own actions.

5. Improve Efficiency and Flow

  • Monitor engineering metrics: With tools like Swarmia that support SPACE metrics, you can transparently monitor data and your team can set working agreements to improve their team metrics. This will set a standard for continuous improvement from all levels.


Measuring developer productivity is a complex but essential task. By leveraging the SPACE framework, you can gain a holistic understanding of your team's productivity and identify areas for improvement. Remember, the goal is not just to increase output but to enhance the overall efficiency, satisfaction, and effectiveness of your development team. By focusing on these areas, you can ensure that your developers are not only productive but also happy and engaged in their work.

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